Meditation and Neuroplasticity: How Mindfulness Shapes Your Brain

Have you ever wondered if there is a way to reshape your brain for the better? Meditation and neuroplasticity might be the answer. Discover how they work together to create a healthier, more resilient mind.

What Is Neuroplasticity?

Neuroplasticity is a fascinating concept that has revolutionized our understanding of the brain. It refers to the brain’s capacity to rewire or reshape itself based on our experiences. This ability to modify its connections and create new ones is inherent to the brain’s nature.

“Neuroplasticity is the capacity of the brain to reorganize its connections based on experience” –Amishi Jha, PhD

Neuroplasticity is closely connected to neurogenesis, the growth of new neurons even in the adult brain. This exciting discovery has opened up new possibilities for brain health and function.

How Does Neuroplasticity Work?

Our brain’s remarkable adaptability allows us to learn new skills, unlearn unhealthy habits, and adapt to different environments. The process of neuroplasticity is triggered by various events. Every new experience, from learning to cook a new recipe to facing a challenging situation at work, pushes the brain to reconfigure its synaptic connections. The more we repeat a certain behavior, the more ingrained these connections become, making it second nature.

Meditation and Neuroplasticity

“Repetition is the key to rendering a behavior second nature. That’s how you learned to ride a bike. Now, riding a bike is like, well, riding a bike.”

Meditation and Neuroplasticity: The Perfect Duo

Meditation, specifically mindfulness, can be a powerful tool that utilizes neuroplasticity to improve our brain function and overall health. Mindfulness is a state of focused, nonjudgmental awareness of the present moment. It has been found to promote positive changes in the brain pathways involved in stress, focus, attention, memory, and mood.

“Scientists find mindfulness can be a powerful tool for altering and strengthening key brain networks for the better.”

The Science Behind Meditation and Neuroplasticity

In a pioneering study from 2011, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University analyzed the brain MRIs of participants before and after they underwent an eight-weekMindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program. They found remarkable changes in two significant brain structures: the hippocampus and the amygdala.

Thehippocampus is involved in storing memories and controlling emotions. Theamygdala, also known as the ‘smoke alarm’ of the brain, is responsible for triggering our fight-or-flight response and is associated with stress, fear, and anxiety.

“They noticed increased gray matter density in the hippocampus…They also discerned decreased gray matter in the amygdala…” –Sara Lazar, PhD

These findings suggest that mindfulness techniques could reduce stress, not by eliminating external stressors, but by modulating the brain region responsible for our often exaggerated reactions to them.

Mindfulness: A Powerful Tool for Cognitive Control

Just as we can deliberately lift weights to build strength in a specific muscle, we can exercise certain brain networks connected to core cognitive functions like attention and memory, and emotion regulation.

One simple exercise is mindful breathing. It involves sitting quietly, breathing naturally, and focusing awareness on the breath for a few minutes. The goal is not to control your breath but to observe it. Each time your attention wanders away from your breath, notice it, then redirect your attention back to your breath.

“Each time you force yourself to focus on the breath, notice when your focus strays from it, and actively redirect focus back to the breath–that’s one pushup.” –Amishi Jha, PhD

The Benefits of Mindfulness Training

The practice of mindfulness can reshape your brain and improve your life in many ways. It can help you manage stress, improve attention and focus, boost memory, and regulate mood. It can also help you develop resilience and manage your emotions more effectively.

“We need this kind of cognitive control to regulate our emotions, our mood, and our ability to interact with other people.” –Amishi Jha, PhD

How to Start Practicing Mindfulness

If you’re feeling motivated to start or reinvigorate your mindfulness practice, the simplest way to start is by practicing mindfulness of the breath. This is a foundational exercise that uses the breath as an anchor point for our attention in the present moment.

“With mindfulness meditation, we use the breath as the anchor point for our attention in the present moment.”

You can also practice mindfulness by making small changes to your daily routine. For instance, you can use your non-dominant hand for certain tasks, take a new route to work, or try to respond calmly to an email that frustrates you.

The Long-Term Impact of Regular Mindfulness Practice

Regular mindfulness practice can help you develop mental fitness for life. Even a few minutes of mindfulness every day can make a significant difference in your life.

“Imagine the small-but-mighty rewards we could all reap from, say, five to 10 minutes of mindfulness every day.”

Maintaining a regular mindfulness practice can feel challenging, especially if you’re just starting out. But remember, just like physical exercise, it takes time and persistence to notice changes in your emotional well-being.

“A regular commitment to regular exercise for your brain and mind will make a difference over the long term and support a more compassionate stance towards yourself.”


Meditation and neuroplasticity together can offer a powerful way to enhance our mental health and overall well-being. By understanding the science behind these practices, we can motivate ourselves to commit to regular mindfulness practice and reap the numerous benefits it offers.

Remember, it’s not about being a perfect meditator. It’s about developing a regular practice and being patient with yourself. As you continue to practice mindfulness, you’ll find that it becomes easier, and you’ll start to notice the positive impacts it has on your life.

“I know from my own experience how much meditation on a daily basis these me more relaxed, clearer to be able to think, and although I don’t know but it certainly feels like it has a physical difference to my body.”

So, why not give it a try? Start with just a few minutes of mindfulness each day and see where it takes you. You might be surprised at the profound impact it can have on your brain and your life.

If this helped you, it will help somebody else!

You've just read an article by Steven Webb —  Guiding you through the most difficult times. Here is a link to my podcast Stillness in the Storms and Inner Peace Meditations.

I write to arm you with resilience and inner wisdom, helping you find calm in life’s chaos. Follow me Medium or on substack.

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Steven Webb

Steven Webb is a renowned meditation teacher with over a decade of experience. Known for his unique approach to quieting the busy mind, Steven navigated through a life of adversity to find his own inner peace. Now, he shares his wisdom to help others build resilience and find tranquility even in life's most turbulent times. Through his writing, courses, and podcast "Stillness in the Storms," Steven empowers people to discover their own sanctuary of inner peace when they need it the most.
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